Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) experience significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior.  The Arc reports that between one and three percent of Americans have ID. The majority of adults with ID are either unemployed or underemployed. The following resources can help workforce professionals better understand this disability and facilitate employment opportunities.

Background and Research

  • About Intellectual Disability- Intellectual disabilities will vary in degree and effect from person to person, just as individual capabilities vary considerably among people who do not have an intellectual disability.  This link to the Job Accommodation Network (JAN) outlines the background of this disability. 
  • VR Partnerships with Higher Education Programs- NCRTM posted published research titled VR & Youth RRTC Fast Fact: Vocational Rehabilitation Partnerships with Higher Education Programs Serving Students with Intellectual Disability.The summary documents how VR played different roles stemming from a pilot program in 23 states.


  • Accommodating Employees with Intellectual or Cognitive Disabilities– People with Intellectual or Cognitive disabilities can successfully perform a wide range of jobs and be dependable workers. This link to a report from JAN outlines several effective accommodation strategies.
  • Neurodiversity Brief– This July 2018 Neurodiversity Brief from the LEAD Center outlines several concrete action steps that American Job Center staff can implement to help make their services more accessible for this disability type.
  • EEOC Fact Sheet– Link to U.S. Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) fact sheet that provides general information and further explains how the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) applies to both job applicants and employees with an Intellectual Disability.