Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) experience significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior.  The Arc reports that between one and three percent of Americans have ID. The majority of adults with ID are either unemployed or underemployed. The following list of resources can help workforce professionals better understand this disability type and facilitate employment opportunities.


  • About Intellectual Disability- Intellectual disabilities will vary in degree and effect from person to person, just as individual capabilities vary considerably among people who do not have an intellectual disability.  This link to the Job Accommodation Network (JAN) outlines the background of this disability. 
  • Real Work Stories- This link highlights the employment successes of people with Intellectual Disabilities who are working in paid jobs in their communities. Through the use of innovative, front-line employment support practices, these individuals are earning money, forming networks, and contributing to their communities.  Learn about the promising practices that led to their success.  


  • Accommodating Employees with Intellectual or Cognitive Disabilities– People with Intellectual or Cognitive disabilities can successfully perform a wide range of jobs and be dependable workers. This link to a report from JAN outlines several effective accommodation strategies.
  • Neurodiversity Brief– This July 2018 Neurodiversity Brief from the LEAD Center outlines several concrete action steps that American Job Center staff can implement to help make their services more accessible for this disability type.
  • EEOC Fact Sheet– Link to U.S. Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) fact sheet provides general information about ID and further explains how the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) applies to both job applicants and employees with an Intellectual Disability.