The number of individuals with disabilities under age 18 receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits increased by about 44 percent from 2000 through 2016.
Youth ages 14 to 17 with disabilities face many challenges achieving self-sufficiency as they transition to adulthood. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine the Social Security Administration’s (SSA) efforts to encourage employment for these transition-age youth.  

This report examines 1) SSA efforts to encourage employment for transition-age youth on SSI as they move toward adulthood and their effectiveness; and 2) the extent to which SSA helps ensure these youth receive vocational rehabilitation services. GAO analyzed SSA data on work incentives for calendar years 2012-2015, the most recent available, and data from five state Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies for calendar year 2015; reviewed relevant laws, policies, and research; and interviewed SSA staff and state VR officials in several states chosen for their SSI youth populations and VR outcomes.